Architect_of_independence

 
Wojciech Korfanty marching with a flag
together with the delegates of the District Parliament, Poznań, 3 December 1918
(collection of the Digital Library of Wielkopolska)
 Wojciech Korfanty
first years after the Great War
(collection of the Archidiocese Archive in Katowice, album collection 55/47)
Portrait of Wojciech Korfanty
painted in atelier Rubens in Poznań, 1918-1919
(collection of the Museum of the History of Katowice)
Wojciech Korfanty receives a parade of the Greater Poland Army
under the command of General Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki, Poznań, 26 January 1919
(collection of the Museum of the History of Katowice)
Wojciech Korfanty accompanied by Rev. Stanisław Adamski
accepting the oath of General Dowbor-Muśnicki and the Greater Poland Army on behalf of the Supreme People’s Council in Poznań, 26 January 1919
(collection of the Independence Museum of the Greater Poland Province)
Ignacy Paderewski’s visit in Poznań
contributed to the outbreak of the Greater Poland Uprising, which lasted from 27 December 1918 until 16 February 1919
(collection of The National Digital Archive)
An appeal of Supreme People’s Council Commissariat from the period of Greater Poland Uprising
co-signed by Wojciech Korfanty, 1918/1919
(collection of The National Digital Archives)
Wojciech Korfanty
(collection of the Museum of the History of Katowice)
Wojceich Korfanty’s letter to editor Edward Rybarz
concerning the preparations for the plebiscite in Upper Silesia, Poznań, 30 October 1919
(collection of the Museum in Rybnik)
A visit of Upper Silesians
in Poznań on 1 December 1919
(a collection of the Wielkopolska Museum of Independence)

Architect of independence

In the face of military defeat, in October 1914, Chancellor Prince Maximilian von Baden declared that Germany would not contest the creation of an independent Polish state with access to the sea, however, using only German Baltic ports as well as land and river transport i.e. by the Vistula River. In response to that, on 25 October, Wojciech Korfanty made a speech in the Reichstag presenting far-reaching territorial aspirations, demanding full restoration of statehood in the territory of the three partitions and a guarantee that the territory would include an integral coast, the Polish districts of Upper Silesia, Poznań, as well as a part of Western and Eastern Prussia. The November Revolution in Germany intensified Korfanty’s activities for the Polish cause. He left Berlin for Poznań, where, on 12 November 1918, he joined the Supreme People’s Council that had been created in the city. He was one of the architects of the Greater Poland Army and had a particular influence on the selection of its officers, including General Józef Dowbor-Muśnicki. Thanks to his determination and a comprehensive vision of the Polish borders, despite the ongoing fights in Greater Poland, he managed to send the army to help Eastern Galicia twice.