Politics_ideas

 
Flyer by Wojciech Korfanty directed against Karol Grzesik
the president of the Association of Insurgents, and an advertisement of Polonia daily, which Korfanty was the editor of, 9 October 1924
(collection of the National Archive in Katowice)
Flyer by Wojciech Korfanty directed against Karol Grzesik
the president of the Association of Insurgents, and an advertisement of Polonia daily, which Korfanty was the editor of, 9 October 1924
(collection of the National Archive in Katowice)
Title page of Górnoślązak
published by Korfanty in Katowice in the years 1901-1906. The newspaper was published until 1933
(collection of the Silesian Library in Katowice)
Entrance to office of Górnoślązak
at ul. Młyńska in Katowice, early 20th century
(collection of the Muzeum Śląskie in Katowice)
Title page of Katolik
Korfanty’s biggest press competitor in Upper Silesia, 12 November 1918
(collection of the Silesian Library in Katowice)

Polak newspaper
published and edited by Wojciech Korfanty
(collection of the Silesian Library in Katowice)

Katowice, currently ul. Stawowa
which housed the office of Polak published by Korfanty, ca. 1905
(private collection)

Wojciech Korfanty
(collection of the Museum of the History of Katowice)
Flyer by Wojciech Korfanty
and the members of the Executive Department of Supreme Authority in Upper Silesia to German-speaking population encouraging people to return to work, 1921
(collection of the Museum of the History of Katowice)
Wojciech Korfanty’s appeal to the citizens of Upper Silesia
after the announcement of the date of the plebiscite
(collection of the Museum in Rybnik)
Wojciech Korfanty tidying up
in Upper Silesia in Szczutek magazine, 1921
(collection of the Silesian Library in Katowice)
The portrait of Wojciech Korfanty
painted by J.K Widera, 1940s
(collection of The Chorzow Museum)

Politics – ideas

The fact that he clearly declared himself in favour of Polish identity at the beginning of his political career secured him a place in the pantheon of precursors of the Polish intelligentsia in Upper Silesia. He promoted his ideas in such newspapers as Dziennik Berliński, Praca from Poznań, Górnoślązak, Polak, and Kurier Śląski. However, the breakthrough came in 1924. It was when he set out his ideological programme of serving the society, the state and the Church, with the motto ‘In God’s Name’, in the first issue of Polonia newspaper. He demanded integrity in public life, protection of the interests of the poor, cooperation for the common good, as he said, ’to strengthen our state entity‘. As a proponent of the principle of social solidarity, he rejected the idea of class conflict as a method of solving social problems. In line with the principles of the Papal encyclicals, he also criticised any manifestation of brutality of the capitalist system. In the programme from 1937, he considered the nation and its organisational form – a sovereign country – to be the highest common good. The basis for its functioning was a classic Montesquieuan democratic system, with strong governance based on social trust.