prison_retreat

 
Document prepared by Wojciech Korfanty, concerning the political fight in Poland
which contains information on Piłsudski’s and Witos’s passive stance in the fight for incorporation of Upper Silesia into Poland, 1922
(collection of the Museum of the History of Katowice)
Wojciech Korfanty’s appeal
concerning the conflict with Józef Piłsudski with respect to the nomination for prime minister of 1922
(collection of the National Library)
Postcard with Wojciech Korfanty against
the background of the Brest Fortress, which served as a prison for members of the anti-sanation camp, 1930-1932
(private collection)
Title page of Polonia
with an article about Wojciech Korfanty’s release from prison, 1939
(collection of the Silesian Library in Katowice)
Wojciech Korfanty giving testimony
in the so-called Brest trials, 1931-1932
(collection of The National Digital Archives)
The defendants in the so-called Brest trials:
Wojciech Korfanty, Stanisław Dubois, Władysław Kiernik, Herman Lieberman, Kazimierz Gaweł, 1931-1932
(collection of The National Digital Archives)
Wojciech Korfanty with Adam Pragier and Jan Kwapiński
in front of the court building on the last day of the Brest trials, 1932
(collection of The National Digital Archives)

Prison retreat

The first time Wojciech Korfanty was sentenced for his pro-Polish manifestations was in 1901. The next prison episode took place in 1930, during the peak of the conflict between the Piłsudski camp and its political opponents. The political conflict in Upper Silesia reflected the current events taking place across the whole country. Unexpectedly, the interrupted budget session was resumed in September of the same year, nearly converging in time with the dissolution of the Polish Parliament. The events had implications for the Upper Silesia region. On 26 September, the Silesian Parliament was dissolved, and Korfanty was arrested and placed in the Brest Fortress, where other leaders of the Centrolew coalition opposing the Sanation had already been imprisoned. The Brest arrests, made under the auspices of Józef Piłsudski, were a clear violation of law, as they bypassed judicial authorities – the only authority with the right to take such action. The treatment of prisoners who belonged to the country’s political elite was also shameful. In hindsight, Korfanty cheekily recalled the time of his imprisonment during the period of German rule comparing it to what he experienced during the Polish times.